NIX Networking

Topics - Networks

Networking is the act of connecting two or more computers so that they can communicate with each other. The actual methods of connecting and communicating are slightly complicated, but the end result is very useful. -tldp

Editor Note:

  • The material below was cobbled together for personal use, from attributed sources, and endured some mild look/feel massage.
  • Document Purpose: Conveniently scoped refresher on the listed Linux material.


  • LPIC2 Prep - Linux Academy
  • http://www.tldp.org/LDP/intro-linux/html/chap_10.html
  • Photo source by The Roaming Platypus on Unsplash

Nix Networking

Knowledge Targets

  • Configure a network device to be able to connect to a local, wired or wireless, and a wide-area network.
  • Communicate between various subnets within a single network including both IPv4 and IPv6 networks.

205.1 Linux Networking

Interfaces - ifconfig

Use to see general network configuration

  • ifconfig eth1 - set ip
  • ifconfig eth1 down - down adapter These configs are temporary. Need a write to persist. Promiscious mode. Stop ignoring packets not targeted at its ip. Debugging/troubleshooting. ifconfig can on/off.

Routing - ARP

ARP table

  • hostname, ip, route info (routers, switches, etc)
  • When a packet flys by, arp will learn about it.
  • If you ping and don’t get a response, an incomplete arp entry will go in.

ip tool

ifconfig is deprecated, use ip ..

  • arp = ip neigh
  • ifconfig = ip addr
  • route = ip route


Configure wifi

  • Do client stuff

205.2 Advanced Troubleshooting


  • netstat gives alot of info. netstat -s gives a summary
  • netstat -i gives a handy col view by adapter, for all the traffic from summary
  • netstat -r Kernel ip routing table
  • netstat -l Just listening sockets


  • list open files


  • handy for verifying network (firewall, middle issues, etc)


  • can be a factor

205.3 Configuration

Debian and Redhat differences

  • RH
    • /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts
    • “ifcfg-eth1” example
      IPADDR ...
      NETMASK ..
      BROADCAST ..